Last Tuesday, the Israeli High Court voted 8-1 to strike down a draft exemption for ultra-Orthodox Jews. In Israel at age 18, most citizens are required to serve two years in the military. Until now, ultra-Orthodox Jews have been exempt so they can continue their intensive study of the Torah.
The issue has caused tension between secular and religious Jews since the establishment of Israel in 1948. The Court gave the government a year to develop legislation to better address the issue.