The current US Attorney General Jeff Sessions used to be the Senator of Alabama. Sessions was hired by President Trump after he was elected. This meant that Alabama must host a special election to replace Sessions.
That special election was held yesterday. Doug Jones, a Democrat, was competing with Roy Moore, a Republican. More than 1.3 million people voted. The results are not official yet, but Doug Jones had about 20,715 votes more than Roy Moore. Moore says it is not over yet and might demand a recount. There can be a recount only after the official results are announced, which will happen sometime between December 26 and January 3rd. If the results are not changed, Alabama will have the first Democratic Senator in 25 years.
This means that the Democrats will get one more Senator, from 48 to 49. The Republicans will go down from 52 to 51. Anytime Congress writes and proposes legislation, at least 51 votes are needed to pass it. The Vice President is the tiebreaker if the vote to approve a piece of legislation is at 50-50. Trump tweeted about the race this morning that he didn’t originally support Moore during the Republican primaries because “he knew Moore wouldn’t win”. Trump also congratulated Doug Jones on a great victory.